Restaurants - Pollution Prevention Tips

• Assess your business to identify ways to prevent pollution. Review the plan annually for new measures to implement.
• Check Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) and labels for all cleaning products, building maintenance materials, pesticides, and fertilizers you use. Identify safer alternatives.
• Evaluate each area of your business to identify actual and potential sources of pollution, and ways to prevent it.
• Call the Snohomish County Household Hazardous Waste Drop-off Station at 425-388-6050 for disposal of hazardous substances not in use.

Prevent pollution in the following ways:
All Areas:
• Locate all potential pollutants away from food preparation, service and storage areas as well as sewer and storm drains.
• Provide containment for large amounts of liquid supplies.
• Routinely check storage areas, pipes and equipment for leaks, spills and emissions of chemicals, paints, and cleaners; repair any deficient items found.
• Use enclosed delivery systems for transferring cleaners and/or other chemicals to prevent spills.
• Store any potentially hazardous materials securely, control access and rotate stock to use oldest material first.
• Store deliveries and supplies under a roof.

• Scrape grease from trays, grills and pans into the waste grease can to minimize kitchen grease going down sewer drains.
• Place baskets in drains to catch solids which then can be composted.
• Avoid placing leftover beverages and wet food in the garbage container.
• Use dry surface cleaning methods rather than hosing down. Finish clean-up with damp mop or wipe.

• Routinely check for leaks and establish a "ground staining" inspection routine in parking lots.
• Keep receiving, loading docks, waste containers and parking areas free of litter, oil drips and debris.
• Keep waste collection containers covered when not in use.
• Do not wash cars, equipment, floor mats or other items outside where run-off water flows straight to the storm drain; this wash water should be directed to a sewer drain.
• Monitor subcontractors to ensure their activities are not polluting storm drains.
• Clean parking lots by sweeping or using equipment that collects dirty water (which must be disposed of into the sanitary sewer).
• Post signs at trouble spots (e.g., loading docks, waste container areas, outside hoses) describing proper practices to prevent pollutants from reaching storm drains.
• Label all storm water drains with "No Dumping, Drains to Stream" message.
• Regularly check and maintain storm drain openings and basins that are located on your property. Keep litter, debris and soil away from storm drains.
• Clean private catch basins annually and as needed thereafter.
• Use shut-off valves at storm drains or keep temporary storm drain plugs at loading docks or outdoor areas for quick spill response.
• Use secondary containment or berms in liquid storage and transfer areas to capture spills.
• Keep a spill kit handy to catch/collect spills from leaking company or employee vehicles.
• Use landscaping to prevent erosion problems, especially during construction or remodeling.
• Mulch, use ground cover, or use a barrier to prevent exposed soil from washing landscaped areas into storm drain.
• Have an outdoor ashtray or cigarette "butt" can for smokers.

Reduce chemical use in the following ways:
• Buy organically/sustainably grown foods or beverages for the kitchen. List specific product replacements.
• Restrict use of hazardous products by buying them in small quantities and limiting access to authorized staff.
• Use one or a few multipurpose cleaners, rather than many special-purpose cleaners.
• Replace harmful products with safer alternatives. List specific replacements for disinfectants, sanitizers, and cleaners.
• Replace aerosols with pump dispensers.
• Buy recycled paint and low VOC products when available (paint, paint removal products, etc.).
• Buy cleaners, paints, batteries, and other supplies in optimally sized containers for your office to avoid unnecessary packaging as well as left-over and expired materials.
• Replace standard fluorescent lights with low or no mercury fluorescent lights.
• Use rechargeable batteries and appliances, such as hand-held vacuum cleaners and flashlights.
• Use recycled oil for vehicles/equipment.
• Use unbleached and/or chlorine-free paper products (copy paper, paper towels, napkins, coffee filters, etc.).
• Replace toxic permanent ink markers/pens with water-based ones.
• Print promotional materials with vegetable or other low-VOC inks.
• Use natural or low emissions building materials, carpets or furniture.
• Use electric (not gas) powered tools.
• Use wet scraping, tenting or HEPA-vac instruments to reduce dust and debris when removing paint; avoid chemical paint stripping.
• Use high-efficiency paint spray equipment.
• Do business with other "green" vendors or services. Eliminate or reduce use of chemical pesticides by implementing an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program:

  • Specify in pest control contracts that primary pest management methods include non-chemical pest prevention and pest exclusion.
  • Use traps, barriers and less toxic pesticides (such as soaps, oils, microbials and baits). Apply on an as-needed (vs. set) schedule.
  • Set up storage and sanitation procedures and planting, irrigation and cultivation (e.g., pest-resistant plants) to discourage pests.

Recycle/reuse the following potential pollutants:
• Restaurant's used cooking oil (give or sell for use as alternative fuel, such as biodiesel).
• Excess paint/solvents (keep only what's needed for touch ups, then bring remainder to the Snohomish County Hazardous Waste Drop-off Station, or return to contractor or manufacturer).
• Used copier toner cartridges (take back to supplier or send back to manufacturer for recycling or refilling).
• Ink jet cartridges (send or take back for recycling or refilling).
• Car fluids from company vehicles.
• Donate for reuse (not just recycle) electronic equipment, such as computers, phones, pagers, etc.

Reduce vehicle emissions in the following ways:
• When possible, arrange for a single vendor who makes deliveries for several items.
• Patronize services close to your business (e.g., food/catering, copy center, etc.) and encourage employees to do the same.
• Carefully plan delivery routes to eliminate unnecessary trips.
• Keep company vehicles well maintained to prevent leaks and minimize emissions; encourage customers to do the same.

Commute Alternatives:
• Make transit schedules, commuter ride sign-ups, etc. available to staff.
• Offer telecommuting opportunities and/or flexible schedules so workers can avoid heavy traffic commutes.
• Hire locally.

Commute Alternatives for Larger Employers:
• Offer lockers and showers for staff who walk, jog or bicycle to work.
• Offer secure bicycle storage for staff and customers.
• Offer employee incentives for carpooling or using mass transit (e.g. guaranteed ride home or subsidized transit passes).
• Set aside car/van pool parking spaces.
• Provide commuter van.
• Encourage bicycling to work by offering rebates on bicycles bought for commuting.
• Offer a shuttle service to and from bus stops or ferry terminal.

Other Greenhouse Gas Emissions:
• Complete a CO2 or eco-footprint calculator to determine your own greenhouse gas emissions.
• Convert company vehicles to low emission vehicles (electric, hybrid, natural gas or alternative fuels).
• Offer electric vehicle recharge ports for visitors and staff using electric vehicles.
• Use biodiesel (100% or blends) or vegetable diesel in place of petro diesel in vehicles.
• Install renewable energy sources, such as solar panels or wind generators.

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